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The Ben Smyth / Kinglake Archive


Introduction to the letters

Letters from Lord Cardigan to AW Kinglake


1.

CUL Add.9554/3/1

Portman Squ.
June 22nd. 60

Dear Sir
I beg to send you a copy of my Diary which perhaps you will be so good as to return to me after perusal as I have only a few copies printed and it is not published- & not to be made public in any way.

I am yr faithful Svt
Cardigan

I A Kinglake Esq

PS: Lord Lucan's official report of Balaklava has been omitted but I will send it to you - C


2.

CUL Add.9554/3/2

Deene - Wansford
Feby. 1st. 1863

Dear Sir
I beg to thank you for your acknowledgement of my communications of a recent date - in one of them I informed you that I could corroborate all the statements written in my Diary with regard to the battle of Balaklava, and I now beg to enclose to you 6 letters for that purpose, which I trust you will think conclusive in refutation of the slanders which have been published against me -

With regard to my Memorandum of the 19th. Ult, I beg to be permitted to withdraw it, as I find upon a further perusal of your Work that what occurred after the battle of Alma with the Cavalry is narrated with sufficient accuracy-

I beg to express again an anxious hope that you will have the kindness to do me justice with regard to what occurred at the Cavalry affair of Bulganak - and the fact of the Reconnaissance to the villages of Sak, Tuzla & Tamish on the debarkation of the Army in the Crimea - by adding notes to the Work -

I am, Sir
Yr faithful Svt.Cardigan


3.

CUL Add.9554/3/3

Portman Sq
Feby 6th. 1863

Sir
I beg to acknowledge the receipt of your note of the 4th. Inst for which I feel much obliged -

I shall call upon you at any time with much pleasure, and as I always think that in matters of explanation in the details of a narrative of events that delays are to be avoided, I beg to propose that you would receive me either today tomorrow or Sunday at any hour the most convenient to yourself - It would be very satisfactory to me that you should have notes in your possession of any information I might be able to give you - -

I am, Sir
Yr faithful Svt.
Cardigan

A.W.Kinglake Esq.


4.

CUL Add.9554/3/4

Deene Wansford
Feby. 18th. -63

Dear Sir
In thanking you again for your kind consent to my proposal that you should write an explanatory note in your work on the Crimean War with regard to the cavalry affair at Bulganak (and I hope also with regard to the Patrol to Sak & Tuzla) I beg at the same time to state here that there are some points of information with respect to the cavalry which I shall be anxious to communicate to you when I am in London next week for the Prince of Wales' Levee -

I remain
Your very faithful Svt.
Cardigan

A.W.Kinglake Esq.


5.

CUL Add.9554/3/5

Portman Sq
April 29th. 63

Dear Sir
I have directed my Solicitor to send you correct copies of all the affidavits delivered into the Court of Queens Bench on Thursday last - There is a good deal contained in them which was not read out to the Court - I regret that the Publication of this Libel by Col. Calthorpe and your Historical Work should be so mixed up together by some of the Members of the Press - but still I think it of great importance that you or any other Historian shd. see all the facts officially verified on oath, so that there can be no mistake about them.

Believe me
Yrs very faithfully
Cardigan


6.

CUL Add.9554/3/6

Portman Square
July 20th. /63

Dear Sir
I hope you will permit me to have the pleasure of seeing you in the course of this week - before I leave England for a time on the Continent - I am very anxious to be able to show you some papers with regard to some details of the War in the Crimea -

Believe me
Dear Sir
Yr faithful Svt
Cardigan

I would call upon you tomorrow or Wednesday or Thursday at any hour you like to name - C


7.

CUL Add.9554/3/7

Portman Sq
July 26th. 63

Dear Sir
I herewith send you a Plan of the Cavalry engagement at Balaklava. I have pointed out on the map that the column of Russian Cavalry in rear of the guns is placed too near the guns - you must imagine more space -

The supporting regiments advanced round the flanks of the battery - even if the 8th Hussars ever got down to the line of the front battery, of which I have great doubts - I shall take my chance of finding you at home either tomorrow afternoon or on Tuesday -

I am
Yrs very faithfully
Cardigan

A.W.Kinglake Esq.


8.

CUL Add.9554/3/8

Ems-Nassau
August 3rd. 1863

Dear Sir
I regret that I could not call upon you again before I left London - I have directed Mr Mitchell to send you a copy of the printed trial in the Court of Queen's Bench - Of which altho' not at present published, I have had a few copies printed for the perusal of a few friends - The case was well described and argued by my Counsel - Messrs Bovill & Garth - I think you will see how the time viz 20 minutes was occupied - the two regiments of the 2nd. line diverging to the right and left just gave time for the first line to enter the battery - and for me to be engaged with the Cossacks at the rear and then for the supporting regiments to pass round the flanks of the battery - to get engaged with the Russian Cavalry and to be violently forced to retreat - When I arrived at the point from which we originally moved off all the regiments retreating to the point from which they had advanced- The principal feature of the case is that from the time of moving off to the attack and the reformation on the same ground only 20 minutes were occupied - The distance from the advance to the battery which we took and silenced, being one mile and a quarter - If you have any information to give me as to the probable date of your next publication you will oblige me very much -

Believe me
Yrs very truly
Cardigan


9.

CUL Add.9554/3/9

Ems-Nassau
August 20th. /63

Dear Sir
I beg to thank you for your letter of the 8th. Inst. - I herewith send to you a short narrative of my career in the Army - As the Foreign Posts are not quite so much to be relied upon as those at home I should feel very much obliged by your letting me know that you have received my letters.

Believe me
Dear Sir
Yrs very faithfully
Cardigan


10.

CUL Add.9554/3/10

Deene Wansford
Sepr. 30th. 1863

Dear Sir
Upon your asking me when I had the pleasure of calling upon you whether I thought the affair of the Light Cavalry charge at Balaklava was in any way influenced by temper on Lord Lucan's part or hostility towards me I told you I thought not; but when you read the affidavit given to Col. Calthorpe I think you will see that Lord Lucan's affidavit is entirely influenced by temper & insolence [?] towards me - and I most positively state is totally devoid of truth - the fact is that he has blundered the whole thing - I had no opportunity of speaking to him except in Sir J Scarlett's hearing - that occurred some time after the affair was thus; viz. after I had been to Lord Raglan to report what had occurred, I met Lord Lucan & had some conversation with him on the affairs of the day - He told me that Nolan was killed (which I had been told before by Genl. Scarlett) pointed out to me where his body was lying and added I am "Damn glad the fellow was killed - he deserved it" This speech of Lord Lucan's I commented upon with a Friend at dinner on the same Evening and my Friend recollected the circumstance - you will see Lord Lucan's despatch which is the highest commendation of me - and my opinion of the good conduct of others is therein quoted - I told you the other day that a few days after the affair of Balaklava Lord Lucan said to me that after leading the Light Brigade charge in the gallant way I had done; there was no indulgence I did not deserve - Nine years afterwards Lord Lucan signs the vindictive affidavit lately published -

As he lost his head on the occasion of the battle, he seems to have lost all recollection of what really occurred. I do not think however in reply again to your question of the other day that any differences between Lord Lucan & myself in any way influenced the conduct or the result of battle of Balaklava. The opinion of the Lady about the Court as expressed to me at Windsor after my return may or may not have been true -

Believe me
Dear Sir
Yrs very faithfully
Cardigan


11.

CUL Add.9554/3/11

Portman Sq
Novr. 13th. /63

Dear Sir
If you are likely to be in London again shortly I should feel much obliged if you will grant me an interview. In the mean time I wish to ask you whether you have a plan of the charge of the Light cavalry Brigade at Balaklava - If you are likely to insert a plan in your third volume I should like to furnish one to you which I will take care shall be correctly shewing the way in which the regiments of the Brigade advanced to the attack - I hope you received a letter which I wrote to you not long since, with regard to occurrences in the Crimea.

Believe me
Dear Sir
Yrs very faithfully
Cardigan


12.

CUL Add.9554/3/12

House of Lords
Feb 5th -64

Dear Sir
I felt extremely obliged to you for your letter of a recent date informing me of your arrival in London - I will take advantage of your kind permission, and take my chance of finding you at home tomorrow at 1 o'clock.

Believe me
Dear Sir
Faithfully yours
Cardigan


13.

CUL Add.9554/3/13

Deene Wansford
March 20th. 64

Dear Sir
I was sorry not to have the pleasure of finding you at home when I called last week - I am very anxious to see you again before the 3rd. Volume of your Work on the Crimea comes out - you recently told me that it would not come out for some time - I hope I may have the pleasure of seeing you after the vacation, and before the Publication takes place -

Believe me
Dear Sir
Yrs very faithfully
Cardigan

A W Kinglake Esq.


14.

CUL Add.9554/3/14

Dear Sir
I had the pleasure of receiving your letter in the country - I shall be happy to call upon you at 3½ today on the chance of finding you disengaged -

I am Yrs
Very faithfully
Cardigan

Portman Sq
July 18th. 64


15.

CUL Add.9554/3/15

Portman Squ.July 22nd. 64

Dear Sir
I beg to thank you for yr. letter of yesterday, and I shall be happy to call tomorrow at about 12½ o clock- I hope not to detain you long but I wish to shew you some letters with regard to the affair of Balaklava.

Believe me
Very faithfully yrs
Cardigan


16.

CUL Add.9554/3/16

Ems Augt. 9th. 64

Dear Sir
I am endeavouring to obtain all the information possible upon the points you desire with regard to the attack of Balaklava - I send you a letter from the late Adjutant of the 17th Lancers - He was Adjutant on the day of Balaklava - was wounded & taken Prisoner & kept a year in Russia -

I shall be very anxious to hear from you in reply to my letter of a few days since -

I am Dear Sir
Yrs very faithfully
Cardigan

PS
I will thank you to return me Capn. Chadwick's letter at your leisure.


17.

CUL Add.9554/3/17

By hand

Portman Sq
Septr. 22nd. 1864

Dear Sir
I beg to thank you for my book returned - With regard to what you told me about the flank march in the Crimea, what occurred was as follows viz. Lord Raglan ran some risk of being taken Prisoner, as he came suddenly upon a Russian battery - I waited upon him whilst he was sitting with Sir Richard Airey in Mackenzies Farm - and Lord Raglan stating what had occurred to him added - "The Cavalry were out of their proper place - you have taken them much too low down" - I replied, My Lord I am no longer in command of the Cavalry referring to Lord Lucan having succeeded at Varna in taking the command of the Lt. Cavalry Brigade away from me -

Believe me
Yrs very truly
Cardigan


18.

CUL Add.9554/3/18

Portman Squ.
Novr. 1st. 64

Dear Sir
As I have reason to believe that you are now in London, will you do me the favor to let me call upon you today? and let me know the hour convenient to you - I have met with a great deal of evidence that I have presented for your perusal.-

Believe me
Very faithfully yrs
Cardigan


19.

CUL Add.9554/3/19

Cowes
August 8th. 65

Dear Sir
I was prevented by a variety of circumstances during the latter part of the season in London from calling upon you according to my engagement. I wished to give you verbally a full explanation of all the details of the affair of Balaklava and if you will allow me I will write it here and send it to you -

Will you kindly tell me when there is any chance of your 3rd. Volume coming and I hope you will not forget your kind promise which I have in a letter from you in my possession promising me to let me know the nature of your view of the battle of Balaklava.

Believe me
Dear Sir
Very faithfully yrs
Cardigan

Will you kindly let me know your address?


20.

CUL Add.9554/3/20

Deene
Wansford
Octr. 30th. 1865

Dear Sir
In about a week or 10 days from this time I will send you a statement with regard to all which took place on the day of the battle of Balaklava - It will not be necessary for me to prove to you that I led the first line of the Brigade into the Russian battery a head of every body as was my proper place - that as I led on, my line did not follow me - but the Survivors bore off to the left & most of them retired - I have told you that after returning from the Cossacks who wounded me and nearly took me Prisoner that on retiring thro' the battery from whence I came, none of our Troops were to be seen; and that I consequently returned at the slowest possible pace the main party of my first line were in the act of forming up - I omitted to swear in my affidavit that from the moment I retreated thro' the guns after being engaged with the Cossacks, and finding no Brigade there and no Troops to be seen either to the right or left, I moved my horse till I got to Genl. Scarlett at the slowest possible pace - and that afterwards then I galloped to the point of rendezvous- I beg to call your attention to Colonel Mayow's Affidavit- I have no doubt but that the greater part is invention, and that he did nothing, but ride towards the enemy and retreat as fast as he could when he met them - The enclosed is a copy of the opinion of an Officer who was wounded and taken Prisoner in the charge - Col. Mayow ought to have accompanied me the General Officer of his Brigade - I send you also a copy of the report of the Russian force behind the guns at Balaklava as given to me by a competent authority in 1854 I will in a few days send to you in compliance with your request a Biography of my career in the Service - With regard to the charge at Balaklava, I have always said that every Officer and man did his duty there - and that there is no extraordinary praise due to any one man particularly

Believe me
Yrs very faithfully
Cardigan


[In the opinion of the transcriber, this document is the first enclosure referred to in the above letter]

CUL Add.9554/5/31

Extract -
"The wind up of his case in the publication of his Affidavits I look upon and so do all military men that I have spoken to, as the lowest part of the whole of his very bad cause, for the Evidence of his main Witness as to his own doings is so Quixotic as to be absolutely laughable - How exceedingly gullible Colonel Mayow must think people to be when he tells them that with some half dozen Lancers he voluntarily charged in to about 3000 Russian Cavalry & threw them back upon their Second Reserve!! /a new military term by the way/ and only retreated when he found that the enemy was too strong to be dealt with by his brave force of six - In all my experience I never heard of such a piece of vain boasting as that -


[In the opinion of the transcriber, this document is the second enclosure referred to in the above letter]

CUL Add.9554/5/30

Balaklava - Oct. 25th.

6th Lt. Cavalry Division
of 2 Hussar & 2 Lancer
Regiments under Genl.
Lanskoi - 3,200

A division of Lancers
Under Genl. Korff 2000

6 Batteries


21.

CUL Add.9554/3/21

Portman Sq
Novr. 16th. 65

Dear Sir
I have enquired as to the residence of Col. Roger Palmer and I find he is now in command of the 2d. Life Guards in the Regents Park Barracks - He is soon going to Ireland on leave. You kindly promised to ask him to call upon you on the subject of Balaklava -

If I do not hear from you to the contrary I will call upon you about 2 o'clock tomorrow with a document to which I wish to call your attention -

Believe me
Yrs very faithfully
Cardigan


22.

CUL Add.9554/3/48

Portman Sq
Novr. 22nd. 65

Dear Sir
In case you should be disposed kindly to see Col Roger Palmer I write a line to say he is leaving for Ireland directly.

I will write tonight to report to you Col Douglas' statement with regard to the two regiments behind the battery at Balaklava, showing that you had been quite misinformed on the subject.

In great haste
Yrs very truly
Cardigan


23.

CUL Add.9554/3/22

Brighton
Novr. 22nd. 1865

Dear Sir
I told you a few days since that I felt quite satisfied that you had been wrongly informed with regard to a very important feature in the Light Cavalry charge of the 25th of October at Balaklava. You had been informed that the 11th. and 4th. Light Dragoons had charged in Brigade in rear of the battery which the first line had charged, and silenced - I told you that I was sure that this had not taken place - and I can now inform you that I have proved my statements to be correct. I have this day seen Colonel Douglas who commanded the 11th. Hussars and I put this question to him - viz.

"Have you not always told me since the Crimean War, that in the charge at Balaklava, after passing the battery and having come in collision with the Russian cavalry, that on retreating you met the 4th. Light Dragoons advancing in right rear of the battery; that on the 11th. halting for a minute and forming up with the 4th. Lt. Dragoons, you saw a body of Troops which you thought were our own; but that Captn. Roger Palmer of the 11th. Hussars called out 'Colonel Douglas those are the enemy's Troops we shall be surrounded'- upon which you (Col. Douglas) gave the word threes about - and that both regiments went about and retired at a gallop, that they never were halted again, but cut their way thro' the Russian Cavalry; that it is quite untrue that the two regiments coming together behind the right rear of the battery ever acted together in Brigade or made any attack against the enemy."-

And Colonel Douglas affirms now, and always has declared that he never received any word of command from Lord George Paget or even acted under his advice. The idea therefore that these regiments acted in Brigade on that day is perfectly erroneous.

Lord George Paget lost one of his regiments the 8th. Hussars of the 2nd. line in advancing in support & never did command any two regiments against the enemy in rear of the Guns.- The 4th. Lt. Dragoons came out of action by Col. Douglas' word of command upon Captn. Roger Palmer's information

The above will prove to you how little time there was occupied; and how easy it was for what did take place to occur whilst I was engaged with the Cossacks elsewhere.

Believe me
Yours very faithfully
Cardigan


24.

CUL Add.9554/3/23

Brighton
Novr. 25th. 65

Dear Sir
I beg to thank you for your reply to my letter - Is there anything you wish me to do to obtain for you more information with regard to what took place at the battle of Balaklava? I hope you will allow me to have an interview of ½ an hour with you on my return to London on Wednesday next - and do you wish that Col Douglas should sign the statement which I forwarded to you, or in any other way to certify as to its correctness.

Believe me
Very faithfully yrs
Cardigan


25.

CUL Add.9554/3/24

Dear Sir
I shall be in London again very soon and I will bring Col Douglas and introduce him to you - I will write to you by to night's Post

Yrs very faithfully
Cardigan
Decr. 1st.


26.

CUL Add.9554/3/25

Deene Wansford
Decr. 4th. 65

Dear Sir
As I am anxious to meet your wishes in all respects with regard to information about the battle of Balaklava, I will enquire what would have been the probable result of my prosecuting the authors of the affidavits in favour of Col. Calthorpe -

Altho' I do all this I confess I almost despair of satisfying you - Of the 4th Light Dragoons and the 11th Hussars the only Officer giving an opinion swears in answer to Col. Calthorpe that no officer returned near the 4th. Lt. Dragoons except Mr. Horton of the 11th. Hussars wounded on a Chestnut horse - The men of the 4th. Lt. Dragoons swear that they advancing saw me on their left flank under the Fedukyne heights - The men of the 8th. Hussars quite on the other side of the ground after having separated from the (broken) regiment the 4th. Light Dragoons swear that I passed their left flank when advancing - I have sworn that I retired thro' the centre of the battery into which I had led the first line - I was seen by the Non commissioned Officers of the 8th. Hussars retiring on the (proper) right side of the valley - The idea that I zigzagged from the Fedukyne Heights to the last position; I think nobody would for a moment believe and with regard to prosecuting those who signed the affidavits I can swear that I never heard such a course even hinted at by any human Being until you mentioned it a few days since, and have since written it you have the testimony on oath of Genl. Scarlett that I came from the centre of the battery and followed up the hill the remnants of the first line and that he had already seen the supports viz the 4th. Lt. Dragoons & 11th. Hussars retreating under the Fedukyne Heights - Genl. Scarlett is one of the most honourable of men - was on this occasion at leisure to observe everything, - and was not inspired by any particular friendship for me - With thanks for the trouble & patience you have shown in attending to all these matters of detail -

Believe me
Dear Sir
Very faithfully yrs
Cardigan


27.

CUL Add.9554/3/26

Deene
Wansford
Decr. 13th. 65

Dear Sir
I have been most anxious to comply with all your wishes and to afford you every possible information with regard to the matters connected with the battle of Balaklava. I have therefore referred the questions you gave me in writing for the opinion of Counsel, and the accompanying is Mr Bovill's professional opinion on the subject and the two other letters show the view which my Solicitor takes upon the same point - I will only add that I never heard one word said by any living person in favor of the expediency of the course which you suggested - Every body thought the result of my action against Col. Calthorpe was a triumphant success and that nothing could be more convincing than the Evidence of a General Officer like Sir J. Scarlett whose attention to what was going on was uninterrupted by any active duty of his own - I beg to state that your name has not been mentioned in the late inquiry I have made.

May I ask you to return the letters which I now enclose to you.

Believe me
Dear Sir
Very faithfully yrs
Cardigan

PS. I will send you by tomorrow's Post a further explanation upon several points which may I hope assist you in coming to a correct view of the whole of the matter under your consideration previous to the publication of your third volume. C.


28.

CUL Add.9554/3/27

Deene Wansford
Decr. 17th. 65

Dear Sir
I beg to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 14th. Inst. You take a correct view of what I intended to convey with regard to the affidavits - excepting that it is not correct to say that I never thought at the time of taking any further steps - I thought much on the possibility or otherwise of doing something - but from my knowledge of the uncertainty of the decision of Juries and from the advice I received from others I never entertained any serious intentions of embarking on what I am now professionally told would have been neither quite expedient or proper.

I should like to have a little further conversation with you upon this point before the end of this month when I can call upon you.

I am Dear Sir
Very faithfully yrs
Cardigan


29.

CUL Add.9554/3/28

Deene
Decr. 28th. -65

Dear Sir
A servant from Portman Sq will on Saturday next leave at your house a parcel, containing more information which I am anxious to offer to you upon the subject of the battle of Balaklava. You have kindly promised me to read it with attention, and I hope that if there is any point upon which you may desire more information, that you will explain your wishes to me in order that I may endeavour to meet those wishes -

I am
Dear Sir
Very faithfully yrs
Cardigan


30.

CUL Add.9554/3/29

Deene Wansford
Decr. 30th. 65

Dear Sir
I forward to you a document which is intended to be a continuation of the one which I have already placed in your hands - I earnestly beg that before perusing it you will read again the contents of the former one - and also the affidavits in my favor sworn to before the trial and also the contents of the Pamphlet another copy of which I beg to enclose to you.-

Believe me
Dear Sir
Very faithfully yrs
Cardigan


31.

CUL Add.9554/3/30

Portman Sq
Feby 5th. 66

Dear Sir
May I ask you whether it would be convenient to you to receive me at your house on Wednesday next and at what hour? - or whether you would prefer some other day rather later -

Believe me
Very faithfully yrs
Cardigan


32.

CUL Add.9554/3/48

Private

Portman Sq Feb 15th 66

Dear Sir
In consequence of our conversation of Friday last, I have been looking for further correspondence touching the day of Balaklava - In doing so I have come upon the enclosed copy of a letter of 1863 which I consider a very important document for your information corroborating in the cool & decided judgement of a very superior Officer the statements I have always made to you with regard to time - showing that the retreat of the regiments the 4th Lt. D. & the 11th. Hussars (which had become accidentally connected. My retreat after repassing the Guns and the retreat of the 8th Hussars after their affair with the Russians must have been simultaneous within a few minutes of each other; so that had I turned back after escaping from the Cossacks I should have found nothing but retreat on either side. I will send you a slight sketch of the battery & my position, and the supposed distance of the 4th Lt. Dragoons & 11th Hussars - and I think you will then see that had I attempted to return thro' the battery and seek for any supports as suggested by you that had I succeeded in escaping being taken Prisoner or shot by numerous bodies of Russians, then I should have found those supports either in full retreat or just moving off to retreat. You will recollect too it was impossible for me to know where the supports were; they having in the advance diverged to the right & left.

May I request you to read the statements of Charles Whyte Pages 10 & 11 of the printed List of Evidence in statements of which I gave you a copy. And then may I request you to peruse again the varied statements of the whole of the 16 writers of affidavits in Pages 8 9 & 10 of the same Pamphlet.

It must always be borne in mind that the whole affair at Balaklava only lasted 20 minutes passing over upwards of a mile & ¼ of ground so that there were only a minute or two to spare for anything to be done.

It should be recollected that when I came out on my return thro' the battery that 9 tenths of the remnants of the first line were retreating up the hill as proved by the Evidence of Sir James Scarlett and then I must repeat my confident opinion that the post of a General Officer commanding and leading a first line of Cavalry is with the line and that he has nothing to do with the supports unless they happen to come upon him.

It appears that there has been an assertion that the 4th. Light Dragoons attempted to spike the guns of the battery which the first line had taken - I think the real state of things as described by Sergeant Ferguson of the 4th Light Dragoons with regard to Lord George Paget is much more likely to be true viz. "Men you must fight the best of your way back" and that he would find his own way back.

Believe me
Very Faithfully yours
Cardigan


33.

CUL Add.9554/3/31

Deene Park
Wansford
Feby. 18th. -66

Dear Sir
I regretted not to have the pleasure of seeing you again before I left London. I left a small parcel containing a sketch of my position after repassing the battery at Balaklava - you will see the distance I should have had to ride in search of my supports on the day - and I could not have had the slightest knowledge of where they were one on the left side, the other on the right side of the valley - Before I reached the supports I must have encountered many of the enemy who were declared by Mr Roger Palmer of the 11th. to have the appearance of being about to surround the two regiments - I hope that if you are in your History determined after all the explanations I have given to you upon the subject that you will at least do me the justice to commence by stating that I led the Brigade for upwards of a mile ¼ - directly in front of the Russian battery - which was playing upon us & thinning the ranks the whole distance - that as Leader of the Brigade I rode up to the Russian Cavalry was wounded by Lancers nearly dismounted and nearly taken Prisoner, but was not followed by the remnant of my Brigade which was very much reduced in numbers.

Earnestly requesting to give attention to this my appeal to your justice and fairness Believe me

Very faithfully yrs
Cardigan


34.

CUL Add.9554/3/32

Portman Sq
March 9th 66

Dear Sir
At what hour today could I have the pleasure of seeing you if I call -?

I am Dear Sir
Very faithfully yrs
Cardigan


35.

CUL Add.9554/3/33

Portman Sq
March 9th 66

Dear Sir
I am very sorry that I have been prevented calling upon you today - I hope you will allow me to do so tomorrow - and will kindly send me a verbal answer

Very faithfully yrs
Cardigan


36.

CUL Add.9554/3/34

Deene Wansford
July 9th. - 66

Dear Sir
I beg to send you these letters; the one from Mr De Burgh is corroborative of circumstances which I have narrated to you as having occurred in the Crimea - I beg particularly to call your serious attention with his statements with regard to nothing ever having been said or even hinted at by any person in the Crimea up to the date of our quitting it on the 11th. of December 1854 unfavourable with regard to myself - I have often told you that this was the case and that the slanderous reports only commenced in London some months afterwards.

The letter of Captn. Berkeley who was my acting Aide de Camp at the Prussian Reviews in 1861 - will show you the estimation in which my services were held in Foreign countries and you are aware of what the Russian views of those services were thro' Todleben - I have had many messages from other Russian Generals, and also French Generals to the same effect. My services have been acknowledged by the Military Authorities here at home - and I can with confidence state by the Army at large in the country - I would fairly & candidly ask you, whether upon the doubtful evidence produced on the Trial that the conduct of any General Officer should be handed down to posterity with any blot or blemish - and I am sure your sense of justice will convince you that even allusion to such a subject as the slanders against me will inflict more or less of injury on my professional character and military fame - I would ask you whether the direct & circumstantial

The final page of this document was missing from those from which this transcription was made. Cambridge University Library holds the complete document, but has withheld permission for me to include a transcript of it on this site.

In it Cardigan completes his insistence on the weight of evidence he has produced to refute the accusations against him.


37.

CUL Add.9554/3/35

Deene
Wansford
Decr. 2nd. 66

Dear Sir
I beg to transmit to you a letter which I have received from Captain Chadwick for the purpose of forwarding it to you; and I hope it will prove satisfactory to you - I certainly must think it a very interesting narrative.

I also regret to have to inform you that Lord Wm. P cannot be induced to write a letter more in detail than the enclosed letter. It is clear that he has been cautioned by HRH and fears getting into any dispute with Lord Lucan - However I think you will consider his letter of the 30th. ult sufficiently satisfactory. Mr De Burgh told you all which Lord Wm. P. told him viz that he condemned the certificate signed by Lord Lucan and that he Lord L was present when I came back from the charge & spoke to Genl. Scarlett. Lord L's statement therefore was a false one upon oath, when he says I never came near him but passed bye at a great distance off at a gallop - and it is also clear to Lord Wm. P. that when I came near him (Lord L) from the direction of Sebastopol that was after making my report of the affair to Lord Raglan -

Hoping to hear from you - I am Dear Sir
Very faithfully yours
Cardigan

PS
The letter from Hinsford proves that no map of the battle of Balaklava has been published.


38.

CUL Add.9554/3/36

Private

Deene Wansford
Decr. 9th. 66

Dear Mr Kinglake
I feel extremely obliged to you for your letter of the 3d. inst. and particularly for your kind reference to Captn. Chadwick's letter of praise of the conduct of the Leader of the Light Brigade in the charge of Balaklava -

At the same time I must express my deep regret that you think Lord Wm. Paulet's silence is expressive or rather that it thereby leaves some doubt as to the opinions he could express - I really do not know what more can be done to elicit the truth - His object in silence is clear & beyond all doubt. I have got all he said to De Burgh in writing and the next time I am in London I will call & read it to you, for it would not be right that I should give you a copy of it or to anybody - He begins by telling de Burgh that he would write anything I wished - for that it was the last thing in the world for him to write anything which could cast the least reflection upon my conduct on that day. They were then interrupted - and the next time he hesitates to write anything except a very unsatisfactory statement - but tells De Burgh, that he feels sure Lord Lucan was present the time he Lord Wm. Paulet was present when I came up to Genl. Scarlett and that he never was away from Lord Lucan for a moment during the whole affair - He knows that Lord Lucan has perjured himself but he is determined to avoid coming into collision with him by contradicting his statement -

There can be no doubt that the statement on oath by him viz that when I returned from the charge I was 200 yards from him is a false and perjured statement by the evidence of myself Genl. Scarlett - Sir Thos. McMahon & Lord Wm. Paulet's verbal statement to De Burgh which has been taken down in writing. If I can obtain any more information I will write

Dear Sir
Very faithfully Yrs
Cardigan


39.

CUL Add.9554/3/37

Deene Wansford
Decr. 12th. 66

Dear Sir
I have had the pleasure of receiving your letter this morning Mr De Burgh is staying with me here, but directly he returns to London he will call upon you, in accordance with your wish - I find here seven writing cases full of letters and I will search them all to endeavour to find the correspondence you wish to read.- I hope you have not forgotten Sir J Scarlett's and Sir T. McMahon's evidence with regard to Ld. Lucan being close by when I met & spoke to Genl. Scarlett on returning from the charge, in addition to Lord W Paulet's verbal statement to Mr De Burgh - I will call upon you also as soon as I return to London -

Believe me Dear Sir
Very faithfully yours
Cardigan

I do not believe that Lord W Paulet is aware that I am in correspondence with you. C


40.

CUL Add.9554/3/38

Deene
Wansford
Jany 14th. 67

Dear Sir
I regret to have to inform you that since leaving London I have not succeeded in finding the correspondence with regard to the Crimean war which you were anxious to see; and I regret to state that an unlucky accident has occurred in a leather bag of mine containing letters from the Crimea here not being forthcoming which causes me very considerable uneasiness.

After using all further means to find the correspondence I shall apply to Ld. W.P. to know if he has kept a copy of that correspondence of 1855 that I may borrow it for your use and information - Every exertion shall be employed by me to obtain it for you -

May I ask if you are making any progress towards the publication of your work

Believe me
Very faithfully yours
Cardigan


41.

CUL Add.9554/3/48

Portman Sq
Novr. 11th. 1867

Dear Sir
You asked me some time since to make a report to you of the Officers who I considered had distinguished themselves in the charge of the Light cavalry on the 25th. of October 1854 at the battle of Balaklava - When all officers behaved so well it is difficult without acting invidiously to select any Officer for peculiar service - Capt. Oldham of the 13th. Lt. Dragoons was killed in the advance near the battery - Col Jenyns followed me into the battery commanding the 13th. Light Dragoons - his horse was wounded -

Col. White who has since commanded the 17th. Lancers was badly wounded close to the battery and Capt. Morris who commanded the 17 Lancers on that day led into the battery and was badly wounded -

My three Aides de Camp suffered severely - Capt. Lockwood was killed - Lieut. Maxse was wounded in the advance - and my Acting Aide de Camp Sir George Wombwell was taken prisoner and escaped on a stray horse - In truth all the Officers behaved very well - Lieuts. Montgomerie of the 17th. & Johnstone of the 13th. Lt. Dragoons took a forward position on entering the battery -

Cardigan Lt. Genl.
Cmg. the Light Cavalry Brigade in the Crimea


42.

CUL Add.9554/3/39

Portman Sq
Novr. 22nd. 1867

Dear Sir
In reply to one of your recent letters, I beg to send you the Gazette Extraordinary of Novr. 1854 - I feel sure I can find an old Army List of that year, and I will put a mark against the names of the Officers not present in the Balaklava Charge.

Would you kindly return to me the Private document which I left with you a few days since.

I am, Dear Sir
Very faithfully yours
Cardigan


43.

CUL Add.9554/3/40

Portman Sq
Novr. 23rd. 1867

My Dear Sir
I beg to send to you a printed Report of the trial of Colonel Calthorpe - and request you to read Sir J Scarlett's affidavit - which is corroborated by the Trumpeter Joy and Lord Wm Paulet who says he was at hand when I spoke to Sir James Scarlett and that he never was absent from Lord Lucan -

Also may I request you to read the letters at pages 273 287 - 308 - & 310 -

Believe me
Very faithfully yrs
Cardigan

A W Kinglake Esq
&c &c


44.

CUL Add.9554/3/41

Deene Wansford
Decr. 5th. 67

My Dear Sir
I am sorry that I was unable to answer & acknowledge the receipt of your recent letter - for I wished as soon as possible to let you know that you have accidentally kept one of the letters which I sent to you; it is one of Sir James Scarlett's to me, & a letter I value very much.- It is written on a long sheet of paper by a Clerk, and signed by Sir J. Scarlett -

Excuse my saying that it gives me great pain to find that you so reluctantly give credit to what I endeavour truthfully to report, with regard to the details of the battle of Balaklava-

I will still endeavour to find the lost letter.

Very faithfully yrs
Cardigan


45.

CUL Add.9554/3/43

Deene
Wansford
Decr. 6th. -67

My Dear Sir
Having written to you by the Post I write again by a servant who is going to London to say how anxious I am that Sir J Scarlett's letter should not be lost - and to request you will deliver it to my Porter who is the bearer of this letter - I have met with an Officer who has offered to get me the names of the Officers in the battle of Balaklava which shall be sent to you -

Believe me
Yrs very faithfully
Cardigan


46.

CUL Add.9554/3/42

Porter
You will take the letter to Mr Kinglake
20 Hyde Park Place & ask for a letter for me and send it by the Post -

Ask whether a lost letter of mine has been found & telegraph to me to say if it has -

Cardigan

Deene
Decembr 6th 67


47.

CUL Add.9554/3/44

Deene Wansford
Decr. 9th. 67

My Dear Sir
I beg to thank you for the letter returned - by plunging into litigation I did the wisest thing I ever did in my life by refuting the most shameful calumny which ever was published, by a bitter & vindictive slanderer Col. Calthorpe - He said I did not lead the charge - and he was convicted by ample testimony of the grossest falsehood; but he might just as well be believed as Lord Lucan who states that I retreated 200 yards from him at a gallop - when four people whose letters I sent to you prove that Lord Lucan was close by when I came up to General Scarlett - The Trumpeter will do the same - Shall I send his written statement to that effect? - I can also get something from Lord Wm. Paulet of the same description. After all I have proved to you it will be cruel indeed to write so as to satisfy the falsehood of a calumniator of that description.

I write with hope from the heart, and that you will think more justly of the case -

Believe me
Yrs very faithfully
Cardigan


48.

CUL Add.9554/3/45

Deene Wansford
Decr. 10th. 67 -

My Dear Sir
I hope you will excuse my asking you whether in the course of the last few months I either gave you or sent to you for perusal a letter from Lord William Paulet to me, stating that in anything he had ever written to me he had never meant to cast the slightest reflection upon my upon my conduct on the day of Balaklava - and also whether by chance the letter was left by me in your hands.

I am very faithfully yours
Cardigan

I hope you do not forget the short time that the charge & affair lasted - about 3 minutes from my retreat thro' the battery to the meeting with Genl. Scarlett -C


49.

CUL Add.9554/3/46

Deene Wansford
Decr. 19th. 67

My Dear Sir
I beg to thank you for your last letter to me - I shall send to you by tomorrow's Post a statement with regard to Balaklava which I think will convince you that it would be most unfair to attribute to me a hasty or irregular retreat from that battle and to which I will request your earnest & favorable attention -

I am Dear Sir
Very faithfully yrs
Cardigan

A W Kinglake Esq
&c &c


50.

CUL Add.9554/3/47

Deene Jany 25th 68

My Dear Sir
In consequence of your letter of the 24th. Inst. I now send you copies of Lord Wm. Paulett's letters - and if you wish for either of the letters viz from General Scarlett or Capt. Johnstone again I will have then copied - I should be most reluctant to deprive you of any evidence which I feel confident goes entirely to prove my complete exculpation from all the slanderous accusations which have been brought against me -

Believe me
Yours sincerely
Cardigan


51.

[This document is endorsed: "About Ld. Cardigan. Creasy. O." The extracts from Cardigan's letters are not present.]

CUL Add.9554/5/11

St Kilda, Melbourne
17 Jany 1881

Sir

You may like extracts from 3 letters of the late Lord Cardigan to myself. Two as to the Balaclava Charge — one shewing his power to bend to the spirit of the age in politics, also a conversation with him which goes far to prove he was ignorant of Captn. Nolan's object in riding across his front even as late as 1865 —

I think he would not be displeased with the full and fair account you have given of himself and the whole affair — In July 1865 I was with him in Portman Square — he described to me his saluting and pointing out to Lord Lucan the desperate nature of the ride having ascertained that canon were in front of him and on either side whilst the ground was covered with rifle pits — he told me "Nolan screamed like a woman" when he was hit — he also said (what you omit) that he shouted to him "I will have you tried by Court Marshall Sir"

The account of his horse "Ronald" in action is interesting.

It is only wasting words to doubt his bravery — his presence beyond the battery is his tuilleferluce [?], —

In excitement a man's tongue does not always represent his mind - and words may escape which were never intended or thought — for instance at whist at the Bath & County Club a General grey with years of honourable service gets excited over some question of play and makes a fuss, the President from another table raps and says "Not so much noise Gentlemen" "That's for you General" we say — "Me! Me! Never spoke a word!" he in excitement replies - of course we all laugh and do not believe he means to be untruthful.

I found Lord Cardigan kind, by no means unapproachable or austere and most anxious to do a kindness — but as you intimate requiring a guide or direction — let him know what was to be done — no one would do it better or with so much energy. In my case it was to get my boy (now dead) into the Navy — says he "tell me, what shall I do? I will ride directly to the Admiralty — the First Lord is my friend, what am I to do?" — another instance of kind impression. At Ventura I met a young nobleman now a Duke. Says he "Ah! He is a kind man — I like him so much"

It is only a want of knowledge of human nature and an absence of the simplest honest common sense which makes men expect perfection of every kind in any man, and brutal people do not hold up great & good qualities to cover the defects in our Occal nature — Nothing so much takes away from the influence for good of the Clergy as their professing to be unlike & superior to other human beings — as if they were ashamed of the existence the Creator has given them — they are met by hypocrisy and court it for people put on an air and manner not natural to them in their presence which is an obstruction to truth — all honor [?] to such men as Colinso, Stanley & Brooke. Strip a man like Lord Cardigan and an ordinary clergyman of his clothes & his flesh and I expect the former will be as acceptable or more so than the latter for he willed what was right and had pluck enough to pass this life without hypocrisy — I am not attacking the clergy or do not mean them harm. I wish what is true — and they know that the articles & creeds to which they have sworn are not true — and prevent themselves from doing real good —

Apologising for troubling you a stranger to me with this and assuring you that I am no one — only an invalid existing on a small income who sometimes indulges in deeper thought than others have leisure for.

I am Sir
Yours faithfully
R J Creasy

P.S. I should like your photograph if you do not mind —


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